NationStates Jolt Archive

Constitution Of The Credonian Empire *REVISED 2nd Edition*

16-03-2004, 02:49
Chapter I The Credonian Empire

Article 1 [State Form]
Credonia is a Sovereign People's Democratic Republic. Its basic objective is the realization of one independent state and the build-up of the democratic system.

Article 2 [Authority]
The people are the source of authority and its legitimacy.

Article 3 [Sovereignty, Territory]
(a) The sovereignty of Credonia is an indivisible entity.

(b) The territory of Credonia is an indivisible entity of which no part can be ceded.

Article 4 [State Religion]
Christianity is the religion of the State.

Article 5 [Nationalities]
This Constitution acknowledges the national rights of all legal Credonians within the Credonian unity.

Article 6 [Credonian Nationality]
The Credonian nationality is regulated by the law.

Article 7 [Languages]
English is the official language.

Article 8 [Capital, Decentralization]
(a) Credonia City is the Capital of the United States of Credonia, and it can be transferred by law.

(b) The United States of Credonia is divided into administrative units and is organized on the basis of decentralization.

Article 9 [Flag, Emblem]
The Flag of the United States of Credonia, its Emblem, and stipulations concerning the two, are regulated by law.

Chapter II Social and Economic Foundations of the United States of Credonia

Article 10 [Social Solidarity]
The social solidarity is the first foundation for the Society. Its essence is that every citizen accomplishes his duty in full, and that the Society guarantees the citizen's rights and liberties in full.

Article 11 [Family, Mothers, Children]
The family is the nucleus of the Society. The State secures its protection and support, and ensures maternal and child care.

Article 12 [Economy, Credonian Unity]
The State assumes the responsibility for planning, directing and steering the national economy for the purpose of:

(a) Establishing the free-trade system on scientific and
revolutionary foundations.

(b) Realizing the economic Credonian unity.

Article 13 [Public Property and Planning]
National resources and basic means of production are owned by the People. They are directly invested by the Central Authority in the Credonian government, according to exigencies of the general planning of the national economy.

Article 14 [Cooperation]
The State secures, encourages, and supports all types of cooperation in production, distribution, and consumption.

Article 15 [Public Property]
Public ownership and properties of the Public Sector are inviolable. The State and all People are responsible for safeguarding, securing, and protecting it. Any sabotage to it or aggression against it, is considered as sabotage and aggression against the entity of the Society.

Article 16 [Ownership, Private Property]
(a) Ownership is a social function, to be exercised within the objectives of the Society and the plans of the State, according to stipulations of the law.

(b) Private ownership and economic individual liberty are guaranteed according to the law, and on the basis of not exercising them in a manner incompatible with the economic and general planning.

(c) Private property is not expropriated except for considerations of public interest and for just compensation in accordance with the law.

Article 17 [Inheritance]
Inheritance is a guaranteed right, regulated by the law.

Article 18 [Foreigners' Property]
Immobile ownership is prohibited for non-Credonians, except otherwise mentioned by a law.

Chapter III Fundamental Rights and Duties

Article 19 [Equality]
(a) Citizens are equal before the law, without discrimination because of sex, blood, language, social origin, or religion.

(b) Equal opportunities are guaranteed to all citizens, according to the law.

Article 20 [Criminal Trial]
(a) An accused is presumed to be innocent, until proved guilty at a legal trial.

(b) The right of defense is sacred, in all stages of proceedings and prosecution.

(c) Courts sessions are public, unless it becomes secret by a court's decision.

Article 21 [Penalty, Punishment]
(a) Penalty is personal.

(b) There can be no crime, nor punishment, except in conformity with the law. No penalty shall be imposed, except for acts punishable by the law, while they are committed. A severer penalty than that prescribed by the law, when the act was committed, cannot be inflicted.

Article 22 [Dignity, Personal Integrity, Arrest, Home]
(a) The dignity of man is safeguarded. It is inadmissible to cause any physical or psychological harm.

(b) It is inadmissible to arrest a person, to stop him, to imprison him or to search him, except in accordance with the rules of the law.

(c) Homes have their sanctity. It is inadmissible to enter or search them, except in accordance with the rules of the law.

Article 23 [Communication]
The secrecy of means of communications by mail, telegrams, and telephones is guaranteed. It is inadmissible to disclose it, except for considerations of justice and security, in accordance with the rules prescribed by the law.

Article 24 [Right to Move]
It is inadmissible to prevent the citizen from the departure from the Country or returning to it, nor to restrict his moves or residence in the Country, except in cases laid down by the law.

Article 25 [Religion]
Freedom of religion, faith, and the exercise of religious rites, is guaranteed, in accordance with the rules of constitution and laws and in compliance with morals and public order.

Article 26 [Expression, Association]
The Constitution guarantees freedom of opinion, publication, meeting, demonstrations and formation of political parties, syndicates, and societies in accordance with the objectives of the Constitution and within the limits of the law. The State ensures the considerations necessary to exercise these liberties, which comply with the national, and progressive trend.

Article 27 [Education]
(a) The State undertakes the struggle against illiteracy and guarantees the right of education, free of charge, in its primary, and secondary for all citizens.

(b) The State strives to make the primary education compulsory, to expand vocational and technical education in cities and rural areas, and to encourage particularly night education which enables the popular masses to combine science and work.

(c) The State guarantees the freedom of scientific research, encourages and rewards excellence and initiative in all mental, scientific, and artistic activities and all aspects of popular excellence.

Article 28 [Educational Goals]
Education has the objective of raising and developing the general educational level, promoting scientific thinking, animating the research spirit, responding to exigencies of economic and social evolution and development programs, creating a national, liberal and progressive generation, strong physically and morally, proud of his people, his homeland and heritage, aware of all his national rights, and who struggles against the capitalistic ideology, exploitation, reaction, zionism, and imperialism for the purpose of realizing the Credonian unity, liberty, and democracy.

Article 29 [Progress]
The State undertakes to make available, the means of enjoying the achievements of modernization, by the popular masses and to generalize the progressive accomplishments of contemporary civilization on all citizens.

Article 30 [Public Office]
(a) Public office is a sacred confidence and a social service; its essence is the honest and conscious obligation to the interests of the masses, their rights and liberties, in accordance with the rules of the constitution and the laws.

(b) Equality in the appointment for public offices is guaranteed by the law.

Article 31 [Armed Forces]
(a) The defense of the homeland is a sacred duty and honor for the citizens; conscription is compulsory and regulated by the law.

(b) Armed Forces belong to the People and are entrusted with ensuring his security, defending his independence, protecting the safety and the integrity of the people and territory, and realizing his national and regional objectives and aspirations.

(c) The State alone establishes the Armed Forces. No other organization or group, is entitled to establish military or para-military formations.

Article 32 [Right, Honor, and Duty to Work]
(a) Work is a right, which is ensured to be available for every able citizen.

(b) Work is an honor and a sacred duty for every able citizen, and is indispensable by the necessity to participate in building the society, protecting it, and realizing its evolution and prosperity.

(c) The State undertakes to improve the conditions of work, and raise the standard of living, experience, and culture for all working citizens.

(d) The State undertakes to provide the largest scale of social securities for all citizens, in cases of sickness, disability, unemployment, or aging.

(e) The State undertakes to elaborate the plan to secure the means necessary, to enable the working citizens to pass their vacations in an atmosphere, which enables them to improve their health standard, and to promote their cultural and artistic talents.

Article 33 [Health]
The State assumes the responsibility to safeguard the public health by continually expanding free medical services, in protection, treatment, and medicine, within the scope of cities and rural areas.

Article 34 [Right to Asylum]
(a) The United States of Credonia grants the right of political asylum for all militants, persecuted in their countries because of defending the liberal and human principles which are assumed by the Credonian People in this Constitution.

(b) The extradition of political refugees is prohibited.

Article 35 [Taxes]
Payment of taxes is the duty of every citizen. Taxes cannot be imposed, nor modified, nor levied, except by a law.

Article 36 [Prohibited Activity]
It is prohibited to exercise any activity against the objectives of the People, stipulated in this Constitution. Every act or behavior, having for purpose to crumble the national unity of the popular masses or to provoke racial, sectarian, or regional discrimination among them, or to be hostile to their gains and progressive achievements.

Chapter IV Institutions of the United States of Credonia

Section I The Credonian Command Council

Article 37 [Supreme Institution]
The Credonian Command Council is the supreme institution in the State, which on October 13, 2003, assumed the responsibility to realize the public will of the people.

Article 38 [Oath]
The Emperor of the Credonian Empire takes the following oath before the Council:

"I swear by God Almighty, by my honor and by my faith to preserve the Democratic system, to commit myself to its Constitution and laws, to look after the independence of the Country, its security and territorial integrity, and to do my best earnestly and sincerely to realize the objectives of the nation for Unity, Freedom and Democracy."

Article 40 [Immunity]
The Emperor enjoys full immunity.

Article 41 [General Competencies]
The Emperor exercises the following competencies:

(a) Issuing laws and decrees having the force of the law.

(b) Issuing decisions indispensable for applying the rules of the enacted laws.

Article 43 [Majority Competencies]
The Emperor excises the following competencies:

(a) Ratifying matters of the Department of Defense and Public Security, elaborating the laws and taking the decisions in whatever concerns them from the point of view of organization and competencies.

(b) Declaring the public mobilization totally or partially, declaring the war, accepting the truce, and concluding the peace.

(c) Ratifying the draft general budget of the state, independent and investment budgets annexed to it, and ratifying final accounts.

(d) Ratifying treaties and international agreements.

(e) Elaborating its internal rules of procedure, determining its competencies, ratifying its budget, appointing its officials, determining rewards and remunerations of the President, the Vice-President, its members and officials.

(f) Elaborating the rules regarding the prosecution of its members, concerning the formation of the court and the procedures to be followed in it.

Article 44 [Emperorial Competencies]
The Emperor undertakes:

(a) Presiding over the meetings of the nation, representing it, controlling its sessions, and issuing orders for expenditure.

(b) Signing all laws and decisions issued by the Council and publishing them in the Official Gazette.

(c) Supervising the activities of Departments and organizations in the State, calling Secretaries to discuss matters concerning their Department and questioning them in case of necessity, and notifying the Command Council regarding that.

Article 45 [Responsibility]
The Emperor is responsible for violating the Constitution or for breaking the constituencies of the constitutional oath, or for any action or behavior, considered by the Supreme Court as disgracing the honor of the responsibility which he assumes.

Section II Emperor of Credonia

Article 56 [Head of State, Commander in Chief]
(a) The Emperor of Credonia is the Head of the State and the Supreme Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and he exercises the Executive Authority directly or by the assistance of his Deputies and Secretaries, according to the rules of the Constitution.

(b) The President of Credonia issues the decrees necessary for exercising his competencies stipulated in this Constitution.

Article 57 [Competencies]
The Emperor of Credonia exercises the following competencies:

(a) Preserving the independence of the Country, its territorial integrity, safeguarding its internal and external security, and protecting the rights and liberties of all citizens.

(b) Declaring the state of total and partial emergency and ending it according to the law.

(c) Appointing the Vice-Emperors of Credonia and relieving them of their posts.

(d) Appointing the governors, the judges, and all civil and military State employees, promoting them, terminating their services, placing them on disponibility, and granting badges of honor and military grades, according to the law.

(e) Elaborating the draft general State budget, the independent and investment budgets annexed to it, and ratifying the final accounts of these budgets and referring them to the House of Representatives to discuss them.

(f) Preparing the general plan of the State in all economic and social affairs, elaborated by competent Departments and referring it to the House of Representatives.

(g) Contracting and granting loans, supervising the organization and administration of money and credit.

(h) Supervising all the public utilities, official and quasi-official organizations and public sector organizations.

(i) Directing and controlling the work of Departments and public organizations and coordinating them.

(j) Conducting negotiations and concluding agreements and
international treaties.

(k) Accepting the diplomatic and international representatives in Credonia and demanding their withdrawal.

(l) Appointing and accrediting the Credonian diplomatic representatives in foreign Capitals and in international conferences and organizations.

(m) Issuing special amnesty and ratifying judgements of capital punishment.

(n) Supervising the good enforcement of the Constitution, the laws, decisions, judicial judgements, and developmental plans in all parts of the Credonian democratic republic.

(o) Conferring some of his constitutional competencies to one or more of his Secretaries.

Article 58 [Control]
Vice-Presidents of Credonia and Secretaries are responsible for their functions before the President of Credonia. He has the right to bring any of them to trial according to the rules of Constitution, for functional errors committed by him, for exploiting the authority, or for misusing it.

Article 59 [Oath]
Vice-Emperor of the Republic and Secretaries take the following oath before the President of Credonia, before assuming the responsibilities of their functions:

"I swear by God Almighty, by my honor and by my faith to preserve the Democratic system, to commit myself to its Constitution and laws, to look after the independence of the Country, its security and territorial integrity, and to do my best earnestly and sincerely to realize the objectives of the People."

Section IV The Judiciary

Article 60 [Independence, Recourse]
(a) The judiciary is independent and is subject to no other authority save that of the law.

(b) The right of litigation is ensured to all citizens.

(c) The law determines the way of court formation, their levels, jurisdiction, and conditions for the appointment, transfer, promotion, litigation, and dismissal of judges and magistrates.

Article 61 [Prosecution]
The law determines the posts of public prosecution, its agencies and conditions for the appointment of the attorneys general, their deputies, rules of their transfer, promotion, litigation, and dismissal.

Chapter V General Provisions

Article 62 [Command Council Office]
(a) To be Emperor of Credonia, a person must be Credonia by birth.

(b) It is inadmissible for the Emperor of Credonia and Secretaries, during their term of office, to pursue any private professional or commercial work or to buy any State property or to sell or exchange with the State any of their own properties.

Article 63 [Permanent Constitution]
(a) This Constitution cannot be modified except by the Supreme Court and by a two-thirds majority of its members.

Article 64 [Publication of Laws]
(a) Laws are published in the Official Gazette and are put into force, effective the date of publication, unless otherwise stipulated.

(b) Laws have no retroactive effect, unless otherwise stipulated. This exception does not include penal laws, tax laws, and fiscal fees.

Article 65 [In the Name of The People]
This Constitution and all laws and judiciary judgements are promulgated and put into force, in the name of the People.

Article 66 [Continuity of Laws]
All laws and decisions of the Emperor, enacted prior to the promulgation of this Constitution, remain in force and cannot be modified or abolished except in accordance with the procedures prescribed in this Constitution.

Article 67 [Promulgation, Publication]
The Emperor of the Credonian Empire undertakes promulgating this Constitution and publishing it in the Official Gazette.

OOC: The constitution jumps numbers because some articles were stricken from the constitution by the Credonian Supreme Court
17-03-2004, 15:30